Why is porcelain called china?
That's why it gradually replaced pottery in the ceramic history. It is called china in English because it was first made in China, which fully explains that the delicate porcelain can be the representative of China.
China has been able to create exceptionally good porcelain for more than a thousand years, long before Europe achieved porcelain technology mastery. From the standpoint of how ceramics have evolved in my nation, they can be broadly categorized into two types: pottery and porcelain. Pottery, which is made of porcelain stone and dense sintered clay, is not present in the matrix. Hard pottery is the portion of them with higher firing temperatures and better sintering levels, while glazed pottery is the portion with glaze. Porcelain is a term used to describe clay or stone goods that have undergone high temperature firing, moderately dense sintering, and good glaze quality.
About 21st century BC - 16th century BC
Painted pottery is used to show its evolution from the fabled Yellow Emperor Yao and Shun to the Xia Dynasty. The later Majiayao and Qijia cultures, which were unearthed in Gansu, are among them, as are the more prevalent Yangshao culture.At the Banpo ancient site in Xi'an, numerous exquisitely decorated ceramics were discovered, which is breathtaking. The items used in sacrifice rites have advanced significantly over the previous thousands of years, in addition to the everyday eating utensils.
Han Dynasty, which lasted from 206 BC to 220 AD
Pottery began to take precedence over jade and metal as the primary creative medium for artists and craftsmen. During this time, fire processes improved, relatively hard glazed ceramics became more common, and the Chinese character for "porcelain" first emerged. The Roman Empire and China began to connect at the same time through the trade route from Xinjiang, Persia to Syria, fostering cultural exchanges between the East and the West. The ceramics from this time period also show signs of foreign influence.
Period of Six Dynasties
The rapidly developing Buddhist art during the Six Dynasties (220–581 AD) also had a commensurate influence on ceramics, leaving clear marks on the forms of the works in this season. After a protracted period of North-South division, the Sui Dynasty took control in AD 581, although it only held power until it was overthrown by the Tang in AD 618. In the city, demand for Sui Dynasty porcelain also increased.
The Tang Dynasty (618 AD to 970 AD) is regarded as one of the greatest eras in Chinese art history. The development of ceramic technology has led to the widespread appearance of numerous exquisite porcelain types. They can be considered to be truly high-quality porcelain even by today's appraisal standards. When the Tang Dynasty came to an end, there was a major upheaval; heroes truly emerged; this led to a competition between the Five Dynasties, which persisted until AD 960. Chai Kiln Porcelain is a new type of porcelain that has arisen throughout the war years (Xiao Kiln).
During the Song Dynasty (960–1279 AD), the pottery sector had great growth and started to export heavily to Europe and Southeast Asian nations. All around the nation, numerous renowned kilns with distinctive traits, such as Jun, Ru, Guan, Ge (official kilns), and Ding (people kilns), have appeared, and the goods are becoming more and more varied in terms of color.
When the Yuan Dynasty was created in 1280 AD and the Shufu Kiln first appeared, Jingdezhen started to develop into the hub of China's ceramics industry, and word of its fame quickly traveled throughout the world. The blue underglaze pattern stands in strong contrast to the white porcelain made in Jingdezhen. Since then, other historical eras have seen a rise in popularity for the blue and white porcelain. The underglaze hue, which first appeared in the Yuan Dynasty and predominated during the Ming and Qing dynasties, is what gives blue and white porcelain its color.
From 1368 to 1644, the Ming Dynasty governed. The ceramic production sector in Jingdezhen reached its pinnacle during this time, and it was the best in the world in terms of craftsmanship and artistic quality. Blue-and-white porcelain in particular was at its finest. Additionally, the Dehua kilns in Fujian, the Longquan kilns in Zhejiang, and the Cizhou kilns in Hebei are renowned for their premium ceramics in a variety of designs.
More than 200 years were spent under the Manchu Qing. The three dynasties of Kangxi, Yongzheng, and Qianlong are among them and are regarded as the three most brilliant eras in the history of the ceramics industry during the Qing Dynasty. More intricately crafted and technologically advanced products frequently come in a variety of glaze and overglaze colors. By the late Qing Dynasty, China's ceramic manufacturing industry had deteriorated significantly, the government was corrupt, the nation's fortunes had changed, and the people were poor.